father Altamira carried the colors and the cross to Sonoma. He appealed to Gov. Arguello to protect the Valley against the Russians who had built before call little Russia on the north coast. California was greatly concerned and then in 1823 the mission of San Francisco Solano was begun at Sonoma in the Valley of the Moon. This was the 21st and last mission, at the northern end of El Camino Riel. Mexico had just declared her independence and Spanish rule ended for California. Little Russia became isolated and was abandoned. Gen. Mariano of Alejo received the news at Sonoma as California rejoice. But a new thread appeared from the East. At Sonoma the colors of Mexico came down and the bear flag of California went up as more came the Americanos.