this order came from Mexico City only 10 years after the last mission was established secularization was a hard word, a later age would call it liquidation. It meant of course the control of the missions pass from the hands of the church to the state. Most of the older padres were loyal to Spain. They refuse the oath of allegiance to the new government and were banished from this land where they had labored so many years. It was the ending of the missions. The Indians given freedom were not ready to become citizens of the state, many were homeless. The mission lands were sold. Most of the buildings were abandoned and were soon in ruins. But a few people remembered reverently, a few came on special days to light candles and pray at the shrines of the days of early California.

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