it was a long and tiresome journey around the horn, or by shortcut across the Panama isthmus by mules and small boat waiting ships. By far the greatest trek was overland with prairie schooner, and wagon wheels cut deep the routes to South Pass and Santa Fe. These well used trails were now fairly safe and some made crossing in 100 days. The times of hardship turn today’s a paste in the demand for comfort and speaker with a prosperous country. The first stagecoach came by clipper ship and began service to the sacramental gold camps. Overland mail and express were needed and in 1858 John Butterfield started the first Overland stage across the southern route. And from San Francisco to St. Louis on the Butterfield Trail was a trip of 25 days.